Harry Shearer Talks The Big Uneasy and New Orleans's Real Enemy
It might seem odd that the voice of Mr. Burns from The Simpsons, the bassist of This Is Spinal Tap, old friend of Christopher Guest would make such a serious film. But Shearer has been a part-time New Orleans resident since 1997, and he loves the city deeply.
The Big Uneasy features two experts, professors Ivor Van Heerden and Robert Bea, who explored the failures of the Corps immediately after the storm as well as Corps representatives and area environmentalists. Shearer appears intermittently in the film, as does actor John Goodman who introduces segments called "Ask a New Orleanian," where locals talk about how Katrina increased their love and devotion for their city. Because it opens this week at O Cinema, we spoke with the funnyman about the unfunny docx.
New Times: Did Hurricane Katrina change your relationship with New Orleans?
Harry Shearer: I fell in love with the city the first time I visited it. When it approached the abyss of its own possible end of existence, it deepened my bond with the city and I'm just very proud of the way it's comeback and the rebuilding. The city's history of almost three centuries is riddled with disasters and coming back from disasters. It's nothing new for New Orleans.
Why did you decide to make this film?
My hope for the film was that I could influence public awareness of what actually happened in New Orleans. That awareness was shaped by a series of mistakes made by the national media when they first did their coverage, which the national media has been highly resistant to correcting or even acknowledging. And by national media I not only mean NBC, CBS, and ABC, but also NPR and Fresh Air, The Colbert Report and John Stewart. It's important for the American people to know what really happened, not only for New Orleans's sake, but because the Corps does this level of work all over the country.
The engineers that worked with Team Louisiana to investigate the Corps failures come across as heroes in your film. How do you feel about those who didn't have the courage to speak with you?
Given the near monopoly position that the Corps of Engineers has over engineering work, at least in the realm of water projects in the United States, it's hard to feel critical of anybody who thinks that his or her future in the field is imperiled by public criticism of the Corps. The Corps is historically very, shall we say, testy about criticism either from the inside or outside. They don't respond with gracious appreciation for that kind of criticism.
Is there another instance that you can point to where the U.S. government has screwed up as badly as they did in New Orleans?
Well, Dr. Bea, who was coauthor of the report, compared it to Chernobyl. He said that it's on that level. I bow to his expertise in that regard. It's hard for me -- just a guy from the comedy world -- to think of any example of a government agency tasked with protecting people that has done so much in the opposite direction.
You don't talk about race or class in the film. Do you either played a role in the disaster?
I think race and more importantly class play a role in peoples' ability to rebuild. There are numerous examples of pretty poor folks in the lower 9th who have comeback with the aide of their families, neighbors, or volunteers. So you don't have to be rich or middle class to rebuild. The main effect on class of the disaster was the wiping off the map of about 40,000 rental housing units. It was hard for working-class people to come back to town.
The other major developments were the decision by the federal government to close down the four major housing projects even though they were basically undamaged in the flood. That took about 4,500 housing rental units off the market. Those were unrelated to the cause of the disaster, which is the focus of my movie.
How much faith do you have that New Orleans is protected from the next big storm?
It shouldn't be a faith based enterprise. It should be a facts based enterprise. The facts that I know make me wary, cautious, and concerned. I evacuated for a hurricane once in 1999 and that experience led me to say what many New Orleanians have always said, "I'm stayin' next time." That's if you're just dealing with a hurricane. If you're dealing with a faulty infrastructure built by the Army Corps of Engineers, you're not just dealing with a hurricane, you're dealing with a double whammy.
Do you regret not being in town for Katrina?
I was acting in a film and I got there as soon as the film wrapped. I don't have any guilt about not having been there for the worst of it. By the time I got there, it was still pretty bad. There was no electricity in a lot of parts of town. No phone service, no mail. The only vehicles on the road were National Guard Humvees. It was a weird, weird, weird place. So no, I don't feel any regret that I wasn't there when it was even worse. I admire the hell out of people who got there earlier than I did.
The Big Uneasy screens at O Cinema (90 NW 29 Street, Miami) Thursday at 8 p.m., Friday at 7:45 and 10 p.m., Saturday at 3:15, 5:30, 7:45, and 10 p.m. and Sunday 1, 3:15, 5:30, and 7:45 p.m. Visit o-cinema.org.
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